Monuments /Burial cross with the inscription “SJ 1940” in the cemetery of the Ezhma special settlement
The burial cross with the inscription “SJ 1940” can be found in the Polish cemetery of the former Ezhma special settlement i the Pinega regionof Arkhangel’sk Province. Those billeted in the Ezhma special settlement in March 1940 were so-called “osadniki” (Polish settlers from the Western Provinces of the Ukraine and Belorussia, often former soldiers who had received plots there after the end of the Polish-Soviet war). The special settlement regime was revoked by a Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the Amnesty for Polish citizens (12.08.1941) and during 1942 all the Polish citizens left. In the mid-1950s the settlement ceased to exist and the cemetery was abandoned. The cross was found in 1989-90 during a search mission carried out by a G.A.Danilova, a local historian from Pinega. The initials and the date “SJ 1940” survive on the Cross. (Photo 15.09.2008). 
 
 
 
 
NameBurial cross with the inscription “SJ 1940” in the cemetery of the Ezhma special settlement
 
LocationArkhangel oblast'//
 
In the cemetery of the former Ezhma special settlement, located 300m to the North East of the settlement.
 
DateThe burial was carried out in 1940. The cross was put up no later than the end of 1942.
 
MaterialsWood
 
DescriptionAn undecorated wooden Catholic burial cross. The vertical beam bears the carved inscription “SJ 1940”.
 
Detailed annotationThe burial cross with the inscription “SJ 1940” is one of the Crosses surviving in the Polish cemetery of the former Ezhma special settlement, in the Pinega region, Arkhangel’sk oblast’. The name of the person buried is unknown. The exact date when the cross was erected is not known; it is possible that it appeared immediately after the burial, but also that it was put up just before the departure of the Polish families from Ezhma. The cross is standing on the grave of a special settler ( initials SJ) – a Polish citizen deported from the Western territories of the Ukraine and Belorussia – who was living in Ezhma special settlement, where 63 Polish families (special settlers) were billeted in the years 1940-42. After a Decree of 12.08.1941 by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, granting an amnesty to the Poles, all the Polish families left Ezhma by the end of 1942. The cemetery belonging to the former Ezhma special settlement (abandoned after 1942) was found in the period 1989-1990 during a search carried out by a Pinega local historian, Galina Aleksandrovna Danilova. Danilova recorded several Polish grave markers , among them was the cross on the grave of the special settler SJ. The photograph of the Cross was taken on 15.09.2008 by Magdalena Slawinska during her research in Ezhma (Research Programme of the Consulate General of the Polish Republic in St Petersburg entitled “Traces of Poles in North West Russia”).
 
Ceremoniesnone
 
PersonsDanilova Galina Aleksandrovna, finder
 
PersonsS.J., buried
 
Link to index of necropolis sitesPolish cemetery in the Ezhma special settlement
 
Thematic groups
 
Web page?Yes
 
 
Monuments /Burial cross with the inscription “SJ 1940” in the cemetery of the Ezhma special settlement