Monuments /Burial cross with the inscription “ZW 1941” in the cemetery of the former special settlement of Ezhma.
The burial cross with the inscription “ZW 1941” is situated in the Polish cemetery of the former special settlement of Ezhma in the Pinega region, Arkhangel’sk oblast’. The Cross was probably marks the grave of Walentin Zawatka (1873-21.01.1941). Those billeted in the Ezhma special settlement in March 1940 were so-called “osadniki” (Polish settlers from the Western Provinces of the Ukraine and Belorussia, often former soldiers who had received plots there after the end of the Polish-Soviet war). The special settlement regime was revoked by a Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the Amnesty for Polish citizens (12.08.1941) and during 1942 all the Polish citizens left. In the mid-1950s the settlement ceased to exist and the cemetery was abandoned. The cross was found in 1989-90 during a search mission carried out by a G.A.Danilova, a local historian from Pinega. The initials and the date “ZW 1941”, which are carved into the cross, have survived. (Photo 15.09.2008.) 
 
 
 
 
NameBurial cross with the inscription “ZW 1941” in the cemetery of the former special settlement of Ezhma.
 
LocationArkhangel oblast'//
 
In the former cemetery of the Ezhma special settlement 300m to the North East of the settlement.
 
DateThe burial took place in 1941. The cross was put up not later than the end of 1942.
 
MaterialsWood
 
DescriptionAn undecorated wooden Catholic burial cross on a grave. The inscription “ZW 1941” is carved on the vertical beam
 
Detailed annotationA burial cross with the inscription “ZW 1941” – one of the crosses surviving in the Polish cemetery in the Ezhma special settlement in the Pinega region, Arkhangel’sk oblast’. The exact date of the erection of the cross has not been determined: it was possibly immediately after the burial (1941) or possibly just before the departure of the Polish families from Ezhma (1942). We may suppose that the cross was placed on the grave of a resident of the special settlement – Walentin Zawatka (1873-21.01.1941) – a Polish citizen deported from the Western territories of the Ukraine and Belorussia – who was living in Ezhma special settlement, where 63 Polish families (special settlers) were billeted in the years 1940-42. After a Decree of 12.08.1941 by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, granting an amnesty to the Poles, all the Polish families left Ezhma by the end of 1942. The database “Polish special settlers in the Arkhangel’sk oblast’” Data-base, lists only one person with the initials ZW among the special settlers billeted in Ezhma – Zawatka Walentin Iosifovich, who was born in 1873 and died on the 21.01.1941. The cemetery of the former settlement of Ezhma (abandoned after 1942) was found in 1989-90 during a search mission carried out by a G.A.Danilova, a local historian from Pinega. Danilova recorded several Polish grave markers, among them the cross with the inscription “ZW 1941”.The photograph of the cross was taken on the 15.09.2008 by Magdalena Slawinska during her research in Ezhma (the Research Programme of the Consulate General of the Polish Republic in St Petersburg: “Traces of Poles in North West Russia”).
 
Ceremoniesnone
 
Link to index of necropolis sitesPolish cemetery in the Ezhma special settlement
 
Thematic groups
 
Web page?Yes
 
 
Monuments /Burial cross with the inscription “ZW 1941” in the cemetery of the former special settlement of Ezhma.