Monuments /Burial cross for Josefa Nowodworska and Viktor Nowodworski in the cemetery of the Ezhma special settlement
A burial cross set up on the graves of Wiktor Nowodworskii (03.05.1866 – 24.6.1941) and Iosefa Nowodworskaya(15.10.1867 – 21.1.1942). It is located in the Polish cemetery in the former Ezhma special settlement in the Pinega region of Arkhangel’sk Province. Those billeted in the Ezhma special settlement in March 1940 were so-called “osadniki” (Polish settlers from the Western Provinces of the Ukraine and Belorussia, often former soldiers who had received plots there after the end of the Polish-Soviet war). The special settlement regime was revoked by a Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the Amnesty for Polish citizens (12.08.1941) and during 1942 all the Polish citizens left. In the mid-1950s the settlement ceased to exist and the cemetery was abandoned. The cross was found in 1989-90 during a search mission carried out by a G.A.Danilova, a local historian from Pinega. Several inscriptions in Polish carved into the cross have been preserved: “S.P. Jozefa 15 X 1867 – 21 I 1942”; S.P. Wiktor Nowodworscy 3 V 1866 – 24 VI 1941” (Photo 15.09.2008). 
 
 
 
 
NameBurial cross for Josefa Nowodworska and Viktor Nowodworski in the cemetery of the Ezhma special settlement
 
LocationArkhangel oblast'//
 
To be found in the cemetery of the former Ezhma special settlement – 300m to the North East of the settlement
 
DateThe burials took place in June 1941 and January 1942. The cross was put up no later than the end of 1942.
 
Year of erection1942
 
InitiativeProbably the daughters of Jozefa and Wiktor Nowodworski - Jelena and Maria Nowodworski.
 
MaterialsWood
 
DescriptionA home-made, unpainted wooden Catholic burial Cross. Carved on the vertical beam are the words: “S+P WIKTOR NOWODWORSCY 3 VI 1866 – 24 VI 1941”. Another inscription is carved above it: “S+P JOZEFA 15 X 1867 – 21 I 1942”.
 
Detailed annotationThe burial cross for Wiktor (03.05.1866 – 24.6.1941) and Jozefa (15.10.1867 – 21.01.1942) Nowodworski is one of the surviving crosses preserved in the Polish cemetery of the former special settlement of Ezhma. It was probably put up by relatives. The exact date of the erection is not known; it is possible that the cross was put up immediately after the burial of Wiktor Nowodworski and his name carved into the wood, and then a second inscription was carved after the burial of Jozefa. It is also possible that the cross was put up (or replaced) after the death of Jozefa or just before the departure of the Poles from Ezhma. The Nowodworskis were Polish citizens deported from the Western territories of the Ukraine and Belorussia who were living in Ezhma special settlement, where 63 Polish families (special settlers) were billeted in the years 1940-42. After a Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR which granted an amnesty to Polish citizens (12.08.1941) all the Polish families left Ezhma before the end of 1942. In the database “Polish special settlers in the Arkhangel’sk Province” on special settlers in Ezhma, W. Nowodworskii is not mentioned. There are, however, records referring to a Nowogrudski Wiktor Tsezarewich, born 1866, who arrived at the Ezhma special settlement on 09.03.1940 and died on 24.06.1941, and a Nowogrudska Jozefa Bronislawowna, born 1867, who arrived in Ezhma at the same time and was removed from the special settlers’ register on 01.09.1941. Clearly, when the Nowodworskii family were entered in the register their surname was entered incorrectly. There is no data on the death of Jozefa Nowodworska-“Nowogrudska” in the database, since, by January, 1942, she had already been removed from the register. The database also mentions a Nowogrudska Jelena Wiktorowna, born 1894 and Nowogrudska Maria Wiktorowna, born 1896, who also arrived in Ezhma on 09.03.1940 – possibly daughters of W. and Ju. Nowodworskii. The cemetery of the former Ezhma special settlement (abandoned after 1942) was found in 1989-90 during a search mission carried out by a G.A.Danilova, a local historian from Pinega. Danilova recorded several Polish grave markers, among them the cross on the grave of Wiktor and Jozefa Nowodworskii. The photograph was taken on 15.09.2008 by Magdalena Slawinska during her research in Ezhma (Research Programme of the Consulate general of the Polish Republic in St Petersburg “Traces of Poles in North West Russia””).
 
Ceremoniesnone
 
PersonsDanilova Galina Aleksandrovna, finder
 
PersonsNowodworska Jelena (Novodvorskaia Elena), daughter of Wiktor and Jozefa Nowodworski
 
PersonsNowodworska Jozefa (Novodvorskaia Jozefa Bronislavovna), buried
 
PersonsNowodworska Maria (Novodvorskaia Mariia), daughter of Wiktor and Jozefa Nowodworski
 
PersonsNowodworski Wiktor (Novodvorski Wiktor Tsezarevich), buried
 
Link to index of necropolis sitesPolish cemetery in the Ezhma special settlement
 
Thematic groups
 
Web page?Yes
 
 
Monuments /Burial cross for Josefa Nowodworska and Viktor Nowodworski in the cemetery of the Ezhma special settlement