Museums /Museum to the Fame of Labour and Battle of the Sovkhos "Novyi Bor"
The Museum to the Battle Fame of the Sovkhos "Novyi Bor" (Ust'-Tsil'ma region, Komi Republic) opened in 1978 in the secondary school of Novyi Bor. In August 1991 a new exhibition was created that is dedicated to the labour achievements of the sovkhoz. In 2004 this new exhibition became the Museum to the Labour Fame of the Settlement of Novyi Bor and moved into its own premises at the Novyi Bor branch of "Komi- Energo". The collections on which both exhibitions are based draw on documents from the sovkhos’s archive and from the archive of the department of special management, as well as on photographs, documents and personal belongings of the special settlers. The Museum of Labour Fame takes up three halls with a combined floor space of 110 m2. On display is material on the participation of Novyi Bor’s inhabitants in the Civil War, the Great Patriotic War (World War II) and the Afghanistan War, such as posters, schematic maps, information material, personal documents, photographs and detailed biographies of front soldiers living in Novyi Bor. A considerable part of the exhibition is reserved to a Hero of Soviet Union, S. M. Cherepanov and his family. They were special settlers who had been deported after dekulakization. Since 1979 the school in Novyi Bor is called S.M. Cherepanov school. The exhibition at the Museum to Labour Fame is dedicated to the labour activity of the sovkhos's inhabitants and subdivided into the following sections: "Organizatory sozkhoza "Novyi Bor" i ikh prodolzhateli" ["Organisers of the Sovkhos ‘Novyi Bor’ and their Successors"], "Dovoennyi period" ["The Pre-War Period"], "Voennyi Period" ["The War Period"], "Poslevoennyi period" ["The Post-War Period"], "Rodina ikh nagradila" ["Their Motherland Rewarded Them"] and several others. There is no special emphasis on the topic of political repression, but it is nevertheless represented in the personal documents and other items on display. The exhibition provides detailed documentation of the arrival of the German special settlers in Novy Bor in 1944 and of their living conditions in the first years of residence in the settlement. The exhibition consists mainly of the biographies of the settlers and related documents. Both Museums were founded on the initiative of the teacher A. T. Kurengin (died 2009), who also collected much material and encouraged the school pupils to participate. At present the work of the Museum is led by Zh.G. Mikheeva. (Information correct in February 2010). 
 
 
 
 
NameMuseum to the Fame of Labour and Battle of the Sovkhos "Novyi Bor"
 
LocationKomi Republic//
 
Address169495, Komi Republic, Rayon Ust-Zilma, Novyi Bor
 
Status of museumMuseums//
 
SpecialisationMuseums//
 
Official contact detailsДHead of the Secondary School of Novy Bor: Nina Tomasovna Ostashova, Tel. (7-82141) 93179. Museum staff: Zhanna Gennad'evna Mikheeva.
 
Description of museumThe sovkhos (agricultural collective) "Novyi Bor" was founded in 1931 as a settlement for more than 1,500 dekulakized peasants, that is, peasants deemed wealthy and on these grounds deported from the Arkhangelsk and Vologda Regions to become "special settlers" in Komi. In addition to the sovkhos there was a forced labour camp division in the village. The sovkhos and the camp were subordinate to the farming administration of Vorkuta camp. In 1942 the camp division was disbanded. In 1944 more special settlers were brought to join the sovkhoz, most of them deported Soviet Germans who had been labour army workers in the mines of Vorkuta and deemed unfit for hard work. They lived in a camp-like situation until 1947. The Museum to the Battle Fame of the Sovkhos "Novyi Bor" (Ust'-Tsil'ma region, Komi Republic) opened in 1978 in the secondary school of Novyi Bor. In August 1991 a new exhibition was created that is dedicated to the labour achievements of the sovkhoz. In 2004 this new exhibition became the Museum to the Labour Fame of the Settlement of Novyi Bor and moved into its own premises at the Novyi Bor branch of "Komi- Energo". The collections on which both exhibitions are based draw on documents from the sovkhos’s archive and from the archive of the department of special management, as well as on photographs, documents and personal belongings of the special settlers. The Museum of Labour Fame takes up three halls with a combined floor space of 110 m2. On display is material on the participation of Novyi Bor’s inhabitants in the Civil War, the Great Patriotic War (World War II) and the Afghanistan War, such as posters, schematic maps, information material, personal documents, photographs and detailed biographies of front soldiers living in Novyi Bor. A considerable part of the exhibition is reserved to a Hero of Soviet Union, S. M. Cherepanov and his family. They were special settlers who had been deported after dekulakization. Since 1979 the school in Novyi Bor is called S.M. Cherepanov school. The exhibition at the Museum to Labour Fame is dedicated to the labour activity of the sovkhos's inhabitants and subdivided into the following sections: "Organizatory sozkhoza "Novyi Bor" i ikh prodolzhateli" ["Organisers of the Sovkhos ‘Novyi Bor’ and their Successors"], "Dovoennyi period" ["The Pre-War Period"], "Voennyi Period" ["The War Period"], "Poslevoennyi period" ["The Post-War Period"], "Rodina ikh nagradila" ["Their Motherland Rewarded Them"] and several others.
There is no special emphasis on the topic of political repression, but it is nevertheless represented in the personal documents and other items on display. The exhibition provides detailed documentation of the arrival of the German special settlers in Novy Bor in 1944 and of their living conditions in the first years of residence in the settlement. The exhibition consists mainly of the biographies of the settlers and related documents. Both Museums were founded on the initiative of the teacher A. T. Kurengin (died 2009), with the support of the school and the head of the sovkhos. At present Zh.G. Mikheeva is responsible for museum work in the settlement.
 
How did the "Gulag" subject appear in the collection The topic of Soviet political terror concerns both exhibitions in their entirety, as the workers in the sovkhoz were dekulakized peasants, camp inmates and German special settlers. In both Museums the topic of the Gulag is evident (in very subdued form) from the openings in 1978 and 1991 respectively.
 
Related activities on the subjectSenior pupils under the direction of A.T. Kurengin interviewed inhabitants who remember their resettlement. The pupils recorded memories, collected existing photographs and took new ones. Copies of the collected materials were given to the "Pokaianie" ["Repentance"] in Syktyfkar who provided financial support for this expedition.
 
Years during which the museum worked on the subject The biographies of the settlement's inhabitants (special settlers, labour army workers) have been collected since 1978, as have documents on the history of the Sovkhoz.
 
Beginning (year)1978
 
Acquisition and description of subject-related collections The collections of both museums draw on documents from the sovkhos’s archive and from the archive of the department of special management, as well as on photographs, documents and personal belongings of the special settlers. Most of these were collected by A. T. Kurengin.
 
PersonsCherepanov Sergei Mikhailovich, part of the main exhibition is dedicated to him
 
PersonsKurengin Aleksandr Timofeevich, organiser and first director
 
PersonsMikheeva Zhanna Gennad'evna, present Museum director
 
Web page?Yes
 
 
Museums /Museum to the Fame of Labour and Battle of the Sovkhos "Novyi Bor"