Monuments /Cross on the grave of Zofja Kwiatkowska in the cemetery of the special settlement of Ezhma.
The cross on the grave of Zofja Kwiatkowska (09.09.1935 – 07.09.1941) is situated in the Polish cemetery of the former special settlement of Ezhma, Pinega region, Archangel’sk oblast’. In March 1940 Polish citizens, so-called “osadniki”, were billeted in Ezhma. They were exiled Polish settlers from the Western Provinces of the Ukraine and Belorussia, often former soldiers who had received plots there after the end of the Polish-Soviet war. The special settlement regime was revoked by a Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR which gave an amnesty to Polish citizens on the 12.08.1941 and all the Polsih families left the settlement in 1942. In the mid-1950s the settlement ceased to function and the cemetery was abandoned. The cross was found in 1989-90 during a search mission carried out by a G.A.Danilova, a local historian from Pinega. A Polish inscription on the cross has been preserved: "S†P Zofja Kwiatkowska urdz 9/IX 35 r. zm. 7/IX 41 r." [ “S+P Zofja Kwiatkowska born 9/IX 35 – died 7/IX 41”]. (Photo 15.09.2008). 
 
 
 
 
NameCross on the grave of Zofja Kwiatkowska in the cemetery of the special settlement of Ezhma.
 
LocationArkhangel oblast'//
 
In the cemetery of the former special settlement of Ezhma, which is situated at 300m to the North East of the settlement.
 
DateThe burial took place in September 1941, the cross was erected no later than the end of 1942.
 
InitiativeProbably the parents of the deceased, Anna and Felix Kwiatowski.
 
MaterialsWood
 
DescriptionUndecorated wooden Catholic cross. On the vertical beam is carved the inscription: “S+P ZOFJA KWIATKOWSKA URDZ 9/IX 35 r. ZM 7/IX 41 r.” ["S+P Zofja Kwiatkowska born 9/IX 35, died 7/XI 41"].
 
Detailed annotationThe cross on the grave of Zofja Kwiatkowska (09.09.1935 – 07.09.1941) is one of the crosses that have survived in the Polish cemetery in the former special settlement of Ezhma, and was probably put there by her parents Felix and Anna Kwiatkovski. The exact date of its erection is not known. Perhaps it was put up immediately after the burial, or perhaps before the family left Ezhma. The Kwiatovski family were Polish citizens who had been exiled from the territories of the Western regions of the Ukraine and Belorussia and found themselves in the Ezhma special settlement in the Pinega region in Archangel’sk oblast’, where 63 families of Polish special settlers were billeted in 1940. After a Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR from 12.08.1941, granting an amnesty to Polish citizens, all the Polish families left Ezhma before the end of 1942.The database “Polish special settlers in Archangel’sk oblast’” lists a Kwiatkowska, Zofja Feliksowna, born 1936, who arrived at Ezhma special settlement on 19.03.1940 and was removed from the register on 01.09.1941. The date of birth in the database is probably false or intentionally misrepresented by the parents. There is no record of the death, since the family was removed from the special settlers’ register before the girl’s death. The database also lists the names Kwiatkowski (Feliks Stanislavovich), born 1909, and also Kwiatkowska (Kristina Feliksovna), born 6 September 1940 – probably the parents and the younger sister of Zofja. The cemetery of the former Ezhma settlement (abandoned after 1942) was found in 1989-90 during a search mission carried out by a Galina Aleksandrovna Danilova, a local historian from Pinega. Danilova recorded several Polish graves, amongst them the cross on the grave of Zofja Kwiatkowska. The photograph of the cross was taken on the 15.09.2008 by Magdalena Slawinska during her research at Ezhma (Research Programme of the Consul General of the Polish Republic in St Petersburg entitled “Traces of Poles in North West Russia”).
 
Ceremoniesnone
 
Link to index of necropolis sitesPolish cemetery in the Ezhma special settlement
 
Thematic groups
 
Web page?Yes
 
 
Monuments /Cross on the grave of Zofja Kwiatkowska in the cemetery of the special settlement of Ezhma.